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This subject is aimed at understanding the contemporary nature of work in both rich and poor countries and to identify salient processes by which national economies and cities are interlinked. The underlying rationale is to critically examine how capitalism as an economic system is unfolding in different parts of the world, what kind of jobs are being created, and how local and international migration contribute to the rise of global cities in which increasingly precarious, informal forms of employment in a narrow milieu of high-paying, high-technology jobs coexist. Such labour market segmentation and inequality will be shown to result from the intrinsic structures and processes of contemporary capitalism, including but not limited to technological change, hiring practices, and the changing role of the state. Illustrations will be drawn from cities in both the OECD and developing countries.
Intended learning outcomes
On completion of this subject students should be able to:
- understand the development process associated with rural-urban migration;
- link internal migration with international movement of people;
- identify the key forms of employment, their magnitudes, and their variation across economies;
- adopt a critical stance toward job creation possibilities;
- relate the contemporary dynamics of the global capitalist system to the formation of major urban centres of today and the challenges of labour market segmentation and inequality; and
- analyse relevant statistical data.
On completion of this subject students should:
- be able to demonstrate a high degree of conceptual and analytical skills;
- be able to work on team-based projects requiring coordination and negotiation skills; and
- be able to demonstrate sensitivity to local conditions and needs.
Last updated: 3 November 2022