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In this foundational subject, students will develop a broad, sophisticated and critical understanding of the core elements of legal method and reasoning in Australia's common law legal system. Students in Legal Method and Reasoning will analyse the principal sources of law and the functions they perform in modern Australian society. The relationship between sources of law will be explored in depth. Contemporary debates on common law method and the ways in which different sources of law have evolved also will be explored.
Methodological issues will be considered in substantive contexts which give students an opportunity to develop an understanding of the social role of law. Throughout this intensively taught subject, students will critically interrogate whether or not these sources of law, the institutions from which they are derived and the methodologies employed to develop binding rules and principles of law are in need of reform.
Students will be taught in highly interactive, discussion-oriented classes. Assessment tasks will be designed to give students detailed, formative feedback on the skills they have acquired in the subject.
Legal Method and Reasoning's emphasis is on the contemporary application of the rules and principles governing how the common law and statutory law operate. Given its foundational subject matter, this subject will prepare students for the compulsory subjects they undertake in their first full semester of studies
The principal topics which are canvassed in depth include:
- Analysis of case law, with a focus on significant complex scenarios in which common law reasoning occurs;
- Critical exploration of the concept and use of precedent;
- Examination of the progressive evolution of common law doctrine and the emergence of new principles;
- Analysis of statutes, in practical, contemporary settings;
- Critical exploration of statutory interpretation, with an emphasis on the use of interpretation legislation, the purposive approach and extrinsic materials ;
- The relationship between statutes and case-law and between different statutes; and
- Presumptions in statutory interpretation, including the principle of legality.
Intended learning outcomes
Students who successfully complete Legal Method and Reasoning will have acquired the foundations necessary for the development of an advanced, integrated knowledge of the core elements of legal method and reasoning in common law legal systems. They also will have developed a critical understanding of the principal sources of law and the functions they perform in modern Australian society. In particular, students who have completed LMR should be able to:
- Demonstrate a critical understanding of conceptual issues and debates in modern law, including:
- How sources of law emerge and are applied; and
- The relationship of the common law and legislation.
- Demonstrate an appreciation of, and ability to engage in, debates about the ways in which common law reasoning operates. This includes an ability to:
- Extract important features from judgments and reconcile judgments;
- Evaluate the development of legal principles; and
- Apply legal principles arising in case law to new situations.
- Demonstrate an appreciation of, and ability to engage in, debates about statutory interpretation. This includes an ability to:
- Extract important features from statutes; and
- Use and apply statutory provisions to new situations.
- Demonstrate a capacity to critically and independently evaluate arguments about conceptual and policy issues associated with modern legal reasoning; on occasion, this may embrace jurisdictions.
A student who successfully completes Legal Method and Reasoning will have developed and demonstrated:
- The capacity for close reading and analysis of a range of sources;
- The capacity to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing;
- Legal analysis and problem-solving skills, on which subsequent subjects will build;
- An ability to identify and analyse legal issues arising in new fact situations and the ways in which disputes can be resolved;
- Understanding, critical reflection, synthesis and comparison of judicial decisions, statutory provisions, and other primary source materials, relevant to modern approaches to legal reasoning;
- Understanding, critical reflection, synthesis and comparison of academic commentary on modern approaches to understanding how sources of law operate, evolve, emerge and interact; and
- The ability to generate and evaluate proposals for the reform of Australian approaches to the notion of precedent and hierarchy.
Students who have successfully completed Legal Method and Reasoning also will have developed:
- A sound grounding in legal writing skills, including an ability to concisely and accurately identify and articulate legal principles;
- The capacity to evaluate the significance and implications of legal rules and the issues to which they relate;
- The ability to provide accurate advice on legal issues;
- Demonstrated professionalism in their conduct in classroom activities, in their behaviour towards their peers and teachers and in self-study management; and
- Demonstrated professionalism in engagement with learning.
Last updated: 2 December 2019