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Semester 2 (Early-Start)
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This subject is a continuation of Growth Studies which is a component of Oral Structure and Function 2 in first year. It will be conducted as a pre-clinical subject and has 2 components: Paediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics.
In the specialty of Paediatric dentistry, student learning will include: oral diagnosis and treatment planning for children; sealants and preventive resin restorations; dental radiographic techniques pertaining to children and adolescents; restorative procedures in primary and mixed dentition; behaviour management of pre-cooperative children in a clinical setting; conscious sedation and general anaesthesia for young patients; techniques of administering local anaesthesia to young patients; fluoride therapies; cleft lip and palate; molar incisor hypomineralisation; pulpal therapy for children; oral pathology in infants and young children; gingivitis and periodontal disease in children; management of dento-alveolar trauma in children; dietary counselling for families; space maintenance; management of traumatic injuries in the primary dentition; crossbite management and infant's first dental visit.
In the speciality of orthodontics, student learning will include the following: knowledge in applying common terminology related with dento-facial growth and development; endocrinology of human growth; appreciation of qualitative and quantitative measurements of growth and development; appreciation of the relevance of growth assessment in the clinical setting; identification of how occlusion develops from the primary to permanent dentition and arch dimensional changes that occur in this time and familiarity with the use of common interceptive treatments and orthopaedics in treatment planning.
Intended learning outcomes
On completion of this subject, students should be able to achieve the following in relation to paediatric dentistry:
- a patient-centred approach to patient care;
- responsibility and safety in the dental management of young persons under their care;
- an understanding of the importance of prevention, identification, assessment and treatment of oral diseases, as opposed to the episodic management of symptomatic oral problems;
- accurate examination and accurate records, diagnoses and treatment plan prior to commencement of care of the young person;
- an accurate production, interpretation and critique of intra-oral and extra-oral radiographs of the young patient;
- effective communication with young persons in the dental situation;
- appreciation of the value of maintenance of oral health after treatment of child and adolescents including those with advanced or complicated problems;
- appreciation of the need for specialist referral for those patients who cannot be successfully managed in general practice;
- management of the behavioural aspects of young patients in the dental setting.
In relation to orthodontics, students should also:
- understand the relevance of growth assessment in the clinical setting and be able to apply common terminologies related to dentofacial growth and development;
- appreciate that disruption to this orderly process can lead to disorders of the dentofacial region and orthodontic problems;
- be familiar with how to perform a comprehensive orthodontic assessment and understand the indications for treatment;
- be able to identify various orthodontic problems and understand their prevalence and aetiology;
- be able to identify developing teeth and anomalies radiographically and perform a basic cephalometric analysis;
- be able to list diagnostic factors, specifying particular problems for individual patients, and providing possible solutions in a priortised overall patient treatment plan;
- have the knowledge to make appropriate referrals based on a clinical assessment.
- be familiar with the principles of treatment of various malocclusions including the common interceptive, orthodontic and maxillofacial procedures involved;
- be familiar with the basic scope and limitations of common orthodontic treatments to enable discussion and explanation of treatment with patients and parents;
- be able to access new knowledge from different sources, analyse and interpret it in a critical manner;
- develop skills in effective communication with teaching staff and peers;
- develop effective organisational skills and time management;
- develop skills in team work and workplace safety;
- be able to identify and address their own learning needs.
Last updated: 11 February 2021