Principles of Dental Practice 1 (DENT90118)
Graduate courseworkPoints: 31.25On Campus (Parkville)
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Year Long (Extended)
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This subject covers the principles of general practice as well as specialty areas of periodontology, prosthodontics, endodontics, paediatric dentistry and orthodontics.
Topics include local analgesia, treatment planning, cariology, dental materials, periodontal management and the oral rehabilitation of hard tissues and missing teeth, including the concept of the life cycle of a restoration, longevity of restorations and advanced management options.
The basic principles of root canal treatment of teeth will be covered in the Endodontic component. Prosthodontics will include removable (denture) and fixed (crown and bridge) components. Paediatric dentistry and orthodontic components will cover concepts of growth and development in diagnosis, planning and management; as well as topics specific to management of the young patient.
Intended learning outcomes
On completion of this subject, the student should be able to:
- understand the importance of diagnosis, treatment planning and accurate record taking in total patient care;
- understand the importance of the maintenance of oral health on the completion of a course of planned dental treatment;
- apply the concepts of total patient care and understanding the dentist's responsibility for the safe and effective management of persons in the dental situation;
- apply the principles involved in protecting oral tissues against diseases and the maintenance of oral functional integrity;
- discuss the philosophy underpinning the prevention and treatment of oral diseases;
- understand the fundamentals of the processes of dental caries and periodontal diseases;
- understanding the process of caries management by risk assessment;
- understand the sequelae of the loss of all or part of the dentition, and complete and partial denture therapy;
- demonstrate a patient-centred approach to paediatric dental patient care;
- demonstrate responsibility and safety in the dental management of young persons under their care;
- achieve effective communication with young persons in the dental situation;
- understand the importance of prevention, identification, assessment and treatment of oral diseases, as opposed to the episodic management of symptomatic oral problems in paediatric dental care;
- produce accurate examination and accurate records, diagnoses and treatment plan prior to commencement of care of the young person;
- achieve accurate production, interpretation and critique of intra-oral and extra-oral radiographs of the young patient;
- demonstrate appreciation of the value of maintenance of oral health after treatment of child and adolescents including those with advanced or complicated problems;
- appreciate the need for specialist referral for those young patients who cannot be successfully managed in general practice and have the knowledge to make appropriate referrals based on a clinical assessment;
- manage the behavioural aspects of young patients in the dental setting;
- understand the relevance of growth assessment in the clinical setting and be able to apply common terminologies related to dentofacial growth and development in orthodontics;
- appreciate that disruption to this orderly process can lead to disorders of the dentofacial region and orthodontic problems;
- identify various orthodontic problems and understand their prevalence and aetiology;
- describe how to perform a comprehensive orthodontic assessment and understand the indications for treatment;
- identify developing teeth and anomalies radiographically and perform a basic cephalometric analysis;
- to list diagnostic factors, specifying particular problems for individual patients, and providing possible solutions in a priortised overall patient treatment plan in orthodontics;
- discuss the principles of treatment of various malocclusions including the common interceptive, orthodontic and maxillofacial procedures involved;
- describe the basic scope and limitations of common orthodontic treatments to enable discussion and explanation of treatment with patients and parents;
- evaluate and critically appraise clinical research evidence as it relates to longevity of dental restorations;
- demonstrate an understanding of concepts related to the risks and hazards of using instrumentation in the confined space of the oral cavity;
- make evidence based decisions on when to replace missing teeth in a partially edentulous person (including knowledge of the shortened dental arch concept);
- comprehend the relevance of collection of information (history and examination) from partially edentulous patients;
- comprehend appraisal of the patient requiring removable partial dentures;
- comprehend basic principles of fixed prosthodontics;
- recognise basic endodontic instruments;
- identify pulp chambers and canals using knowledge of pulpal anatomy and radiographic interpretation;
- recognise canal systems with extreme curvatures, calcifications and other complicating anatomical features;
- understand the modes of rotary NiTi file fracture;
- summarise the terminology and nomenclature of endodontics and fixed prosthodontics essential for basic dental science;
- comprehend appraisal of the patient requiring fixed prosthodontics for the replacement of missing teeth and/or endodontic treatment;
- discuss and review clinical and laboratory steps involved in construction of different fixed prostheses;
- discuss CAD/CAM dentistry and its relevance to current fixed prosthodontics.
- Be able to access new knowledge from different sources, analyse and interpret it in a critical manner;
- Develop skills in effective communication with teaching staff and peers;
- Develop effective organizational skills and time management;
- Develop skills in team work and develop skills of workplace safety;
- Be able to identify and address their own learning needs;
- Develop skills in professional communication.
Last updated: 24 January 2023